Solution


Approach: Using GROUP BY clause and sub-query [Accepted]

Intuition

First, we can count the student number in each class. And then select the ones have more than 5 students.

Algorithm

To get the student number in each class. We can use GROUP BY and COUNT, which is very popular used to statistic bases on some character in a table.

SELECT
    class, COUNT(DISTINCT student)
FROM
    courses
GROUP BY class
;

Note: We use DISTINCT here since the student name may duplicated in a class as it is mentioned int he problem description.

| class    | COUNT(student) |
|----------|----------------|
| Biology  | 1              |
| Computer | 1              |
| English  | 1              |
| Math     | 6              |

To continue, we can filter the classes by taking the above query as a sub-query.

SELECT
    class
FROM
    (SELECT
        class, COUNT(DISTINCT student) AS num
    FROM
        courses
    GROUP BY class) AS temp_table
WHERE
    num >= 5
;

Note: Make an alias of COUNT(student) ('num' in this case) so that you can use in the WHERE clause because it cannot be used directly over there.

Approach: Using GROUP BY and HAVING condition [Accepted]

Algorithm

Using sub-query is one way to add some condition to a GROUP BY clause, however, using HAVING is another simpler and natural approach. So we can rewrite the above solution as below.

MySQL

SELECT
    class
FROM
    courses
GROUP BY class
HAVING COUNT(DISTINCT student) >= 5
;