## Solution

#### Approach: Using avg() and case...when... [Accepted]

Intuition

Solve this problem by 3 steps as below.

Algorithm

1.Calculate the company's average salary in every month MySQL has the built-in function avg() to get the average of a list of numbers. Also, we need to format the pay_date column for future use.

select avg(amount) as company_avg,  date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m') as pay_month
from salary
group by date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m')
;

company_avg pay_month
7000.0000 2017-02
8333.3333 2017-03

2.Calculate the each department's average salary in every month To do this, we need to join the salary table with the employee table using condition salary.employee_id = employee.id.

select department_id, avg(amount) as department_avg, date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m') as pay_month
from salary
join employee on salary.employee_id = employee.employee_id
group by department_id, pay_month
;

department_id department_avg pay_month
1 7000.0000 2017-02
1 9000.0000 2017-03
2 7000.0000 2017-02
2 8000.0000 2017-03

3.Compare the previous numbers and display the result This step might be the hardest if you have no idea on how to use MySQL flow control statement case...when....

MySQL, like other programming languages, also has its flow control. Click this link to learn it.

At last, combine the above two query and join them on department_salary.pay_month = company_salary.pay_month.

MySQL

select department_salary.pay_month, department_id,
case
when department_avg>company_avg then 'higher'
when department_avg<company_avg then 'lower'
else 'same'
end as comparison
from
(
select department_id, avg(amount) as department_avg, date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m') as pay_month
from salary join employee on salary.employee_id = employee.employee_id
group by department_id, pay_month
) as department_salary
join
(
select avg(amount) as company_avg,  date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m') as pay_month from salary group by date_format(pay_date, '%Y-%m')
) as company_salary
on department_salary.pay_month = company_salary.pay_month
;